Amazing Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd
Bitter Gourd is also known as Karela, bitter melon, bitter squash or balsam-pear. It is one of the bitterest tasting vegetable which very low in calories but has high fibre content and rich precious nutrients.
It is an excellent source of vitamins such as B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, and manganese. It is rich in iron, contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of spinach, and twice the potassium of a banana.
Bitter melon contains phytonutrient called polypeptide-P which is plant insulin to lower blood sugar levels. Also, it composes hypoglycemic agent called Charantin which increases glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis inside the cells of the liver, muscle, and fatty (adipose) tissue and also responsible for blood sugar levels reduction in the treatment of type-2 diabetes.
Fresh pods are an excellent source of Vitamin folates (72 μg/100g, 18% of RDA) help to reduce the neural tube defects in the newborn babies, when taken by mothers during their early phase of pregnancy.
It is a traditional edible pod vegetable which is grown in Asian countries. It is usually cultivated in fields as part of agriculture and can also be grown at homes as backyard vegetable. Although its bitter taste might turn some people away; nonetheless, it truly can sweeten your health through virtue of its disease preventing and health promoting phytochemical compounds.
The Chinese consider bitter gourd as a very important vegetable which is used in many medicinal purposes, particularly used to treat people with diabetes. Additionally, it can be used to treat various other ailments such as tumours, asthma, skin infections, GI problems, and hypertension.